1Then the angel showed me the river of life-giving water,* sparkling like crystal, flowing from the throne of God and of the Lamba 2down the middle of its street. On either side of the river grew the tree of life* that produces fruit twelve times a year, once each month; the leaves of the trees serve as medicine for the nations. 3Nothing accursed will be found there anymore. The throne of God and of the Lamb will be in it, and his servants will worship him. 4They will look upon his face,* and his name will be on their foreheads. 5Night will be no more, nor will they need light from lamp or sun, for the Lord God shall give them light, and they shall reign forever and ever.b


6And he said to me, “These words are trustworthy and true, and the Lord, the God of prophetic spirits, sent his angel to show his servants what must happen soon.”c 7* “Behold, I am coming soon.”* Blessed is the one who keeps the prophetic message of this book.d

8It is I, John, who heard and saw these things, and when I heard and saw them I fell down to worship at the feet of the angel who showed them to me. 9But he said to me, “Don’t! I am a fellow servant of yours and of your brothers the prophets and of those who keep the message of this book. Worship God.”e

10Then he said to me, “Do not seal up the prophetic words of this book, for the appointed time* is near. 11Let the wicked still act wickedly, and the filthy still be filthy. The righteous must still do right, and the holy still be holy.”

12“Behold, I am coming soon. I bring with me the recompense I will give to each according to his deeds.f 13I am the Alpha and the Omega,g the first and the last, the beginning and the end.”*

14Blessed are they who wash their robes so as to have the right to the tree of life and enter the city* through its gates.h 15Outside are the dogs, the sorcerers, the unchaste, the murderers, the idol-worshipers, and all who love and practice deceit.i

16“I, Jesus, sent my angel to give you this testimony for the churches. I am the root and offspring of David,* the bright morning star.”j

17The Spirit and the bride* say, “Come.” Let the hearer say, “Come.” Let the one who thirsts come forward, and the one who wants it receive the gift of life-giving water.k

18I warn everyone who hears the prophetic words in this book: if anyone adds to them, God will add to him the plagues described in this book, 19and if anyone takes away from the words in this prophetic book, God will take away his share in the tree of life and in the holy city described in this book.l

20* m The one who gives this testimony says, “Yes, I am coming soon.” Amen! Come, Lord Jesus!

21The grace of the Lord Jesus be with all.

* [22:1, 17] Life-giving water: see note on Rev 7:17.

* [22:2] The tree of life: cf. Rev 22:14; see note on Rev 2:7. Fruit,medicine: cf. Ez 47:12.

* [22:4] Look upon his face: cf. Mt 5:8; 1 Cor 13:12; 1 Jn 3:2.

* [22:621] The book ends with an epilogue consisting of a series of warnings and exhortations and forming an inclusion with the prologue by resuming its themes and expressions; see note on Rev 1:13.

* [22:7, 12, 20] I am coming soon: Christ is the speaker; see note on Rev 1:3.

* [22:7, 14] Blessed: see note on Rev 1:3.

* [22:10] The appointed time: see note on Rev 1:3.

* [22:13] Christ applies to himself words used by God in Rev 1:8.

* [22:14] The city: heavenly Jerusalem; see note on Rev 21:2.

* [22:16] The root,of David: see note on Rev 5:5. Morning star: see note on Rev 2:2628.

* [22:17] Bride: the church; see note on Rev 21:2.

* [22:20] Come, Lord Jesus: a liturgical refrain, similar to the Aramaic expression Marana tha—“Our Lord, come!”—in 1 Cor 16:22; cf. note there. It was a prayer for the coming of Christ in glory at the parousia; see note on Rev 1:3.

a. [22:1] Ez 47:112.

b. [22:5] Is 60:20.

c. [22:6] 1:1.

d. [22:7] 12, 20 / 1:3.

e. [22:9] 19:10.

f. [22:12] 7, 20 / Ps 62:12; 2 Tm 4:14.

g. [22:13] 1:8; 21:6; Is 41:4; 44:6.

h. [22:14] 7:1415; 22:2.

i. [22:15] 21:8; Rom 1:2932.

j. [22:16] 1:1, 1112; 22:6 / 2:28.

k. [22:17] 21:6; Is 55:1.

l. [22:19] Dt 4:2.

m. [22:20] 7, 12 / Acts 3:2021; 1 Cor 15:23; 16:22.

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