Christian Behavior.* 1As for yourself, you must say what is consistent with sound doctrine, namely,a 2that older men should be temperate, dignified, self-controlled, sound in faith, love, and endurance. 3Similarly, older women should be reverent in their behavior, not slanderers, not addicted to drink, teaching what is good, 4so that they may train younger women to love their husbands and children, 5to be self-controlled, chaste, good homemakers, under the control of their husbands, so that the word of God may not be discredited.b

6Urge the younger men, similarly, to control themselves, 7showing yourself as a model of good deeds in every respect, with integrity in your teaching, dignity, 8and sound speech that cannot be criticized, so that the opponent will be put to shame without anything bad to say about us.

9Slaves are to be under the control of their masters in all respects, giving them satisfaction, not talking back to themc 10or stealing from them, but exhibiting complete good faith, so as to adorn the doctrine of God our savior in every way.d

Transformation of Life. 11* For the grace of God has appeared, saving alle 12and training us to reject godless ways and worldly desires and to live temperately, justly, and devoutly in this age, 13as we await the blessed hope, the appearance* of the glory of the great God and of our savior Jesus Christ,f 14who gave himself for us to deliver us from all lawlessness and to cleanse for himself a people as his own, eager to do what is good.g

15Say these things. Exhort and correct with all authority. Let no one look down on you.h

* [2:110] One of Titus’ main tasks in Crete is to become acquainted with the character of the Cretans and thereby learn to cope with its deficiencies (see Ti 1:12). The counsel is not only for Titus himself but for various classes of people with whom he must deal: older men and women (Ti 2:24), younger women and men (Ti 2:47), and slaves (Ti 2:910); cf. Eph 6:19; Col 3:184:1.

* [2:1115] Underlying the admonitions for moral improvement in Ti 2:110 as the moving force is the constant appeal to God’s revelation of salvation in Christ, with its demand for transformation of life.

* [2:13] The blessed hope, the appearance: literally, “the blessed hope and appearance,” but the use of a single article in Greek strongly suggests an epexegetical, i.e., explanatory sense. Of the great God and of our savior Jesus Christ: another possible translation is “of our great God and savior Jesus Christ.”

a. [2:1] 1:9, 13; 2:8; 1 Tm 1:10; 6:3; 2 Tm 1:13; 4:3.

b. [2:5] 1 Cor 11:3; 14:34; Eph 5:2224; Col 3:18; 1 Tm 2:1115; 1 Pt 3:16.

c. [2:9] 1 Cor 7:2122; Eph 6:58; Col 3:2225; 1 Tm 6:12; 1 Pt 2:18.

d. [2:10] 1:3; 3:4; Ps 24:5; 1 Tm 1:1; 2:3; 4:10; Jude 25.

e. [2:11] 1 Tm 2:4; 4:10.

f. [2:13] 1 Cor 1:7; Phil 3:20; 1 Thes 1:10 / 2 Tm 1:10 / 1:4; 3:6; 2 Pt 1:1, 11; 2:20; 3:2, 18.

g. [2:14] Gal 1:4; 2:20; Eph 5:2, 25; 1 Tm 2:6; 1 Pt 1:1819 / Ps 130:8.

h. [2:15] 1 Tm 4:12.

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