Reign of Abijam. 1In the eighteenth year of King Jeroboam, son of Nebat, Abijam became king of Judah; 2he reigned three years in Jerusalem. His mother’s name was Maacah, daughter of Abishalom.
3He followed all the sins his father had committed before him, and his heart was not entirely with the LORD, his God, as was the heart of David his father. 4Yet for David’s sake the LORD, his God, gave him a holding in Jerusalem, raising up his son after him and permitting Jerusalem to endure, 5a because David had done what was right in the sight of the LORD and did not disobey any of his commands as long as he lived, except in the case of Uriah the Hittite.
6There was war between Rehoboam and Jeroboam all their days. 7The rest of the acts of Abijam, with all that he did, are recorded in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Judah. There was war between Abijam and Jeroboam. 8Abijam rested with his ancestors; they buried him in the City of David, and his son Asa succeeded him as king.
Reign of Asa. 9In the twentieth year of Jeroboam, king of Israel, Asa, king of Judah, became king; 10he reigned forty-one years in Jerusalem. His mother’s* name was Maacah, daughter of Abishalom. 11Asa did what was right in the sight of the LORD like David his father, 12banishing the pagan priests from the land and removing all the idols his ancestors had made. 13He also deposed his grandmother Maacah from her position as queen mother, because she had made an outrageous object for Asherah. Asa cut down this object and burned it in the Wadi Kidron. 14The high places did not disappear; yet Asa’s heart was entirely with the LORD as long as he lived. 15He brought into the house of the LORD his father’s and his own votive offerings of silver and gold and various vessels. 16There was war between Asa and Baasha, king of Israel, all their days. 17Baasha, king of Israel, attacked Judah and fortified Ramah to blockade Asa, king of Judah. 18Asa then took all the silver and gold remaining in the treasuries of the house of the LORD and the house of the king. Entrusting them to his ministers, King Asa sent them to Ben-hadad, son of Tabrimmon, son of Hezion, king of Aram,* who ruled in Damascus. He said: 19“There is a treaty between you and me, as there was between your father and my father. I am sending you a present of silver and gold. Go, break your treaty with Baasha, king of Israel, that he may withdraw from me.” 20Ben-hadad agreed with King Asa and sent the leaders of his troops against the cities of Israel. They attacked Ijon, Dan, Abel-beth-maacah, and all Chinnereth, besides all the land of Naphtali. 21When Baasha heard of it, he left off fortifying Ramah, and stayed in Tirzah. 22Then King Asa summoned all Judah without exception, and they carried away the stones and beams with which Baasha was fortifying Ramah. With them King Asa built Geba of Benjamin and Mizpah. 23All the rest of the acts of Asa, with all his valor and all that he did, and the cities he built, are recorded in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Judah. But in his old age, Asa had an infirmity in his feet. 24Asa rested with his ancestors; he was buried with his ancestors in the City of David his father, and his son Jehoshaphat succeeded him as king.
Reign of Nadab. 25Nadab, son of Jeroboam, became king of Israel in the second year of Asa, king of Judah. For two years he reigned over Israel.
26He did what was evil in the LORD’s sight, walking in the way of his father and the sin he had caused Israel to commit. 27Baasha, son of Ahijah, of the house of Issachar, plotted against him and struck him down at Gibbethon of the Philistines, which Nadab and all Israel were besieging. 28Baasha killed him in the third year of Asa, king of Judah, and succeeded him as king. 29b Once he was king, he killed the entire house of Jeroboam, not leaving a single soul but destroying Jeroboam utterly, according to the word of the LORD spoken through his servant, Ahijah the Shilonite, 30because of the sins Jeroboam committed and caused Israel to commit, by which he provoked the LORD, the God of Israel, to anger.
31The rest of the acts of Nadab, with all that he did, are recorded in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Israel. 32There was war between Asa and Baasha, king of Israel, all their days.
Reign of Baasha. 33In the third year of Asa, king of Judah, Baasha, son of Ahijah, became king of all Israel in Tirzah for twenty-four years.
34He did what was evil in the LORD’s sight, walking in the way of Jeroboam and the sin he had caused Israel to commit.
* [15:10] Maacah was in fact Asa’s grandmother (see v. 2), but “king’s mother” was perhaps a title for the gebira, the “Great Lady” or “queen mother” (see, for instance, 2:19). This influential position was usually held by the king’s biological mother, but Maacah may have retained it after the early death of her son Abijam.
* [15:18] Ben-hadadâ€¦king of Aram: Ben-hadad I, third successor of Rezon, who had thrown off the yoke of the Israelites during the reign of Solomon and become king of Aram (11:23–24). Chronicles has a parallel version of this account in 2 Chr 16:1–6. Who ruled: lit., “sitting,” i.e., enthroned, possibly also meaning “resident” or “residing.”
b. [15:29] 1 Kgs 14:10–11.